In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He [Jesus Christ -Yeshua] was in the beginning with God.


The Book of Haggai is the tenth of the twelve books of the Minor Prophets in the Old Testament. The name of Haggai comes from the Hebrew word Haggiah meaning, “festival of God”. This name may have been given to him after being born on a day of a major Jewish feast. He ministered along with Zechariah to encourage the freed Babylonian captives to finish rebuilding the temple in Jerusalem. The prophecies of Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi spanned an era from c. 520-425 BC with Haggai c. 520-518 BC.

Cyrus the Great of Persia issued the first decree in 538 BC allowing the captives of Judah to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple. The restoration began in 536 BC. By 520 BC, however, the restoration had not been completed. The people had become preoccupied in seeking their own fortunes and building their own houses. They reasoned that the time was not right to rebuild the temple. Consequently, God chastised them by bringing hardship upon them. The harder they worked for themselves, the less they prospered from their labors. Through Haggai God commanded the people to complete the temple, and He promised blessings in return for their obedience. The people obeyed the word of God, and Zerubbabel and Joshua led the people to complete the temple. As a descendant of David, Zerubbabel would represent the Messianic line of Jesus Christ, the Messiah.

Haggai prophesied what was to come regarding the temple. Even though some elders considered the restored temple as mediocre in comparison to Solomon’s temple, God promised that the latter temple would be more glorious than Solomon’s temple. This prophecy was partially fulfilled when Christ filled the enlarged temple of Herald the Great with His glory. The final temple will surpass all others when Christ returns the second time to inhabit it after redeeming Israel and judging the Gentile nations.

Haggai 1: The incomplete temple; God’s command to finish the temple

Haggai 2: Disobedience and obedience; future glory of the temple; the judgment of Gentile nations