In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He [Jesus Christ -Yeshua] was in the beginning with God.


The Book of Nehemiah is the eleventh of the twelve books of history. Nehemiah was a political leader who held a trusted position in the court of King Artaxerxes I of Persia. He was appointed governor of Judah in 444 BC. Artaxerxes issued a third decree to Nehemiah in the month of Nissan (March) to restore the walls of Jerusalem. Thirteen years earlier, Artaxerxes had given Ezra permission to return to Jerusalem with anyone who desired to go.

In total, there were three stages of exile to Babylon and three stages of return to Judah. The three exiles into captivity occurred 605-586 BC. The three decrees permitting the return of the exiles to Judah occurred 538-445 BC during the reign of the Persian kings. The total time of captivity was seventy years; it began with the first stage deportation to Babylon in 605 BC and ended with the beginning of the temple reconstruction in 536 BC.

While Nehemiah led the rebuilding of Jerusalem’s walls, Ezra led the spiritual restoration of the people. They completed the return of the captives to Judah and the walls of Jerusalem while persevering through much opposition from inside and outside Judah. Eventually, the people returned to a heart of coldness toward God. Consequently, this ended the time of the prophets. God remained silent for over 400 years until John the Baptist prepared the way for the coming of the Messiah, Jesus Christ. God kept His promise of the Davidic Covenant.

We must maintain our relationship with God regardless of opposition we may face. Our obedience will bring us blessings and a closer fellowship with God while disobedience will separate us from His fellowship and bring discipline from a loving God.

Nehemiah 1-7: Nehemiah’s rebuilds the walls of Jerusalem; the many faces of opposition

Nehemiah 8-13: Ezra restores the people; vacillation between obedience and disobedience